Split Cupped Narcissus, Congress
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SPLIT CUPPED NARCISSUS, Congress
Congress is a Split Cupped Narcissus. It is one of the oldest Split Cupped Narcissus still in cultivation. It was introduced in 1965. Split Cupped Narcissus are so named because they have a cup (corona) that has many splits for at least 1/3 of its length. The reason that this is distinctive is that the splitting of the cup augments the “frilly” appearance of the cup. The result is an exceptionally fancy appearance. The corona of Congress has an elegantly ruffled edge of varying shades of orange. The splitting definitely accentuates the ruffled appearance. At the throat, the corona fades to yellow. The perianth (lower petals) has brilliant yellow petals.
The plants bloom midseason and are hardy from Hardiness Zone 4-8. For a presence in the garden at least 10 bulbs should be planted. This narcissus is one of the best bulbs for forcing – 6 bulbs in a 6-7 inch pot. HZ: 4-8 14″-16″ Mid Season
Split Cupped Narcissus, Congress
Narcissus is the name given to the family of plants which includes jonquils. Daffodil is a common name used for all Narcissi. Narcissus are members of the Amaryllis family and are native to various parts of the world including China and Japan, the Mediterranean, Southern Europe, North Africa and western Asia. However, a vast majority of narcissus were originally indigenous to the Iberian Penninsula which is considered to be the most important breeding ground for narcissus in the world.
The Latin name for the Daffodil, Narcissus, was believed to have been derived from the Greek myth about Narcissus. However, Pliny, the Roman naturalist, argues that the name, Narcissus, derives from the term narkao meaning to benumb and that it is a reference to the bulbs’ medicinal abilities to cause instant numbness.
It is believed that the Romans brought winter hardy Daffodil varieties to Britain in the early centuries AD. By the 17th century, Europeans had been cultivating daffodils for hundreds of years, and the first doubles were being developed.
The earliest European settlers to the New World brought daffodils. The town of Gloucester, VA reported large, naturalized areas of daffodils by 1651.
Split Cupped Narcissus are so named because they have a cup (corona) that has many splits for at least 1/3 of its length. The reason that this is distinctive is that the splitting of the cup augments the “frilly” appearance of the cup. The result is an exceptionally fancy appearance. The Split Cupped Narcissus are well suited for forcing. In a 6-7 inch pot, plant 6 bulbs. In the ground, plant 6-8” deep and 6” apart.
Planting Bulbs in the Fall for Glorious Spring Color
Bulbs are some of the easiest plants to grow. Fundamentally the process requires four steps.
1. Dig a hole.
2. Dust the hole with bonemeal.
3. Place the bulb in the hole.
4. Fill the hole with soil.
There are, however, some additional refinements which help produce even more lavish results and enhance protection from critters.
First, bulbs can and should be planted deeper than the instructions you receive on the package labels. An easy way to remember how deep to plant the bulb is to think of a quarter. If the bulb you are planting has the same diameter as a quarter or less, plant the bulb 4 inches deep. If the bulb is broader than a quarter, plant it 6-10 inches deep. Large bulbs like some alliums, camassias, standard tulips and fritillaries can easily be planted 10 inches deep. As the soil compacts days, weeks and months after planting, it produces a thinner layer of soil on top of the bulb. Planting bulbs deep helps with critter control. Moles, voles, chipmunks and squirrels are lazy little creatures, and they don’t like doing a lot of digging to reach their food.
Second, bonemeal is a must. It is an excellent source of calcium and phosphorus which help the bulbs to form a strong root system and healthy stems. For large bulbs (those bigger than a quarter), use ¼ cup per bulb. For small bulbs, dust the entire surface or hole where the bulbs will reside.
Third, small bulbs should be planted in clusters of 10 or more – 1 inch apart. Large bulbs, like allium, can stand along, but create a much more pleasing presence in the garden when planted is clusters of 3-5. They should be separated by no more than 4-6 inches.
Fourth, bulbs usually multiply fairly quickly and once crowded will not produce blossoms. Plan to divide your bulbs in mid-summer to fall when the top growth has dried out.
These simple, easy, quick tasks are all that is required to produce a lovely bulb display year after year.
Planting Bulbs in Containers
If you live in Hardiness Zones 5 and higher all you need to do is mix some soil. . Check out the soil mix described in detail in our Harvesting History YouTube video. Do not use prepared soil mixes.
The Best Soil Mix for Containers
Always plant bulbs more densely in containers than in the ground. Pots as small as 6-inches in diameter can have a showy presence on a deck, porch or patio.
You can use much larger pots and plant several kinds of bulbs.
Fill the pot half full, dust the soil surface with bonemeal, arrange the bulbs on top of the bone meal and fill the pot with the rest of the soil. Dust the surface of the soil with more bonemeal. Water thoroughly, but do not let the pot stand in a saucer of water.
If you live in Hardiness Zones 1-4, you must protect the pots by bringing them into an unheated garage or surrounding them with bales of straw. If you do not do this, the bulbs usually freeze and turn to mush.
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