Endive, Frisee-Green Curled Ruffec

75 in stock

    • 45 $


Quick Overview

ENDIVE, FRISEE-Green Curled Ruffec –
Chicorium endivia

FULL SUN Native to India and perhaps the Eastern Mediterranean, endive has been a food crop for millennia. The broad leaved varieties are known as Escarole. The curly leaved varieties are known as Frisee. Introduced before 1860, Green Curled Ruffec is commonly known as frisee. The large (16-18 in. diameter) plants produce heavily serrated, curly, deep green leaves with broad, white midribs. Plants tolerate cold and wet well. Green Curled Ruffec can be sown in the early spring for a summer crop and in early summer for a fall crop. In the spring, plant as soon as the ground can be worked. Soil should be deeply spaded before planting. Rows should be 24 in. apart. When seedlings are 2 in. high, thin, leaving 12 in. between plants. Adding lime to the soil before planting will sweeten the endive.

Type Spacing Planting Depth Days to Germination Maturity
Frisee 12 in. 1 in. 14-21 100

Endive, Frisee-Green Curled Ruffec

The Europeans have used chicory as a salad ingredient and as an alternative to coffee for more than a century. In the United States, chicory has only become popular in the past few decades. Chicory and endive, although different, are all part of the same plant family, Cichorium. Endive has two forms, narrow-leaved, known as curly endive and broad-leaved known as escarole. The outside leaves of all endive are green and bitter. The inside leaves are light green to creamy white and are milder flavored.

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