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Detroit Golden – Beta vulgaris
FULL SUN Native to the coastal regions of southern Europe, the beet has been cultivated since prehistoric times for its green tops. Not until the 1500s was the vegetable cultivated for its roots.
Detroit Golden is an improved variety of an ancient beet known as ‘Golden Beet’ and grown in the US before 1828. The orange-yellow roots are tender and sweet and remain so even when harvested late. The tops are also sweet and tasty.
Golden Beets have a lower germination than other beets, so plant more thickly. Beets can be sown in the early spring for a summer crop and mid-late summer for a fall crop. In the spring, plant as soon as the ground can be worked. Soil should be deeply spaded before planting. Beets are best grown in sandy loam soil. Beets grown in dense clay soils can be tough and stringy while beets grown in rich soils tend to go to seed quickly. Rows should be 18 in. apart.
When seedlings are 1 in. high, thin, leaving 6 in. between plants.
Beets become sweeter with exposure to frosts. Adding lime to the soil before planting will also sweeten beets. They should be harvested young and small or they tend to become woody.
|Type||Spacing||Planting Depth||Days to Germination||Maturity|
|Beets||6 in.||1 in.||14-18||55|
The beet is closely related to Swiss Chard. The tops of the beet (beet greens) have been consumed by man since prehistoric times. The Romans enjoyed beet greens and eventually found that they liked the roots when cooked, however, little else is known about the beet. During the 16th century, the beet began to grow in popularity in both Europe and the United States. It was known as the ‘Blood Turnip’ Beets are easy to grow if you remember that they strongly prefer cool or cold temperatures. They make a good early spring crop and an excellent fall crop. They can withstand repeated frosts and even small snowfalls. Beets like sandy loam soils. Beets can grow in clay soils, but dense clay soils will produce tough, stringy beets. If the soil is too rich, the beets will go to seed quickly.
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